Still, the country was left in tatters from the war.
Korea suffered more attacks in 16, this time at the hands of the Manchus, who later conquered China.
Together they are racially and linguistically homogeneous.
They are the ethnic descendants of a Tungusic branch of the Ural-Altaic family.
Their spoken language, Korean, is a Uralic language with similarities to Japanese, Mongolian, Hungarian, and Finnish.
In its 5,000-year history, Korea has suffered over 900 invasions from outside peoples.
China lies to Korea's west, separated from the peninsula by the Yellow Sea.
Japan lies to its east on the other side of the Sea of Japan.
In control until the early twentieth century, it proved to be Korea's longest reigning dynasty and one of the most enduring regimes in history.
In 1948, North Korea (the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and South Korea (the Republic of Korea) were officially established.
North Korea is run by a Communist government, with Pyongyang as its capital city.
Western societies have traditionally viewed the Korean peninsula as a remote region of the world.
They have often referred to it as "The Hermit Kingdom" because it remained isolated from the western world until the nineteenth century.